Tiger is the largest cat specie and is well known for its strength. International Tiger Day is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on 29 July. This is because 29 July act as a reminder of agreement signed by the countries at Saint Peters burg Tiger Summit in Russia in the year 2010, to raise awareness about decline of global tiger population. According to World Wildlife Fund (WWF), currently there are only around 3900 wild tigers in the world.
Life span of the tiger depends on where they live, that is., in captivity or in the wild. They live for 20-25 years in captivity because of regular food supply, medical care and safety from most of the natural threats. But incase of the tigers which is living in forests can’t survive more than 15 years. Average lifespan of the tiger which lives in captivity is estimated as 22years, and wild is about 10 to 15years. Guddu was the world’s oldest surviving male Bengal tiger died at the age of 26 at Kanpur zoo, India.
India is home to 70% of tigers in the world. There are 50 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project tiger, which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in April 1973 by the Government of India during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s tenure and India’s first 9 tiger reserves were formed. They are: Manas(Assam), Palamau (Bihar), Similipal (Orissa), Corbett (Uttar Pradesh), Kanha (Madhya Pradesh), Melghat (Maharashtra), Bandipur (Karnataka), Ranthambhore (Rajasthan) and Sunderbans (West Bengal).
Project Tiger was very successful in protecting the tigers of India and as a result of that, international organisations provided substantial funding to the project. In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2010. A census found that there were 2,967 tigers four years ago. India’s wild tiger population has increased by more than 30% in four years, raising hopes for the survival of the endangered species. The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, called the numbers a “historic achievement” and said India was one of the biggest and safest habitats for tigers around the world. We can find the tigers in different states of India. The South Indian states such as Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are home to nearly 35% of the tigers. The North Indian states of Assam, Arunanchal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram together with West Bengal account for 5% of the tiger population.