Web application development is the process and practice of developing web applications. There is a general agreement that the processes involved are extensions of standard software engineering processes.
Along with the unique characteristics and popular frameworks it is also considered and included in the spiral approach and business-oriented approach to application development, among other models that address the requirements for an iterative process. Web application development has several characteristics that have to be addressed and these include: short development life-cycle times; different business models; multi-disciplinary development teams; small development teams working on similar tasks; business analysis and evaluation with end-users; explicit requirement and rigorous training against requirements; and, maintenance. Front-end development and back-end development are the phases of web development.
Tools used for front-end development
Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML)
Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) is the backbone of any website development process, without which a web page doesn’t exist. The text which has links, termed hyperlinks, are called as Hypertext. When an user clicks on a word or a phrase that has a hyperlink, it will directs to another web-page. A markup language indicates text can be turned into images, tables, links, and other representations. It is the HTML code that provides an overall framework of how the site will look.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) allows your site to have its own unique look and also controls the presentation aspect of the site. This can be done by maintaining the style sheets which sit on top of other style rules and are triggered based on other inputs, such as device screen size and resolution.
Backend development is the skill that powers the web. People can browse their favourite sites without even knowing about all the work put in by the backend developer or team. Backend development languages handle the ‘behind-the-scenes’ functionality of web applications. Code that connects the web to a database manages user connections and powers the web application. Backend development works in tandem with the front end to deliver the final product to the end user.
Types of backend development languages
Backend programming can either be Functional or Object Oriented (OOP). The former is the technique that focuses on the creation of objects. With object-oriented programming, statements should be executed in a particular order. Popular OOP languages are Java, .NET, and Python. The latter is a technique that is more action-based. Functional programming uses declarative language, which means that statements can be executed in any order. It’s commonly used for data science, and popular languages are SQL, F#, and R.
Languages can either be statically typed or dynamically typed. The former is more rigid, but better at catching errors, whereas the latter is more flexible but allows for variables to change types.